What is vitamin K?
Vitamin K refers to a group of fat-soluble vitamins, with the two primary forms being vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K is responsible for blood clotting. This may sound like a bad thing, but without vitamin K we would bleed out excessively, even from a small cut. Vitamin K also plays a role in bone and heart health.
In terms of bone health, vitamin K helps to activate the protein required for bone growth and development. This can be beneficial for young children or for those with osteoporosis. Studies have shown a decrease in fracture rates, specifically of hip fractures.
Vitamin K also has a positive effect on heart health, as it can prevent calcium from depositing plaque in the arteries. Reducing the build-up of plaque is associated with a lower risk of heart disease.
Vitamin K1 is generally found in green leafy vegetables, like kale, spinach, broccoli and brussels sprouts. It makes up approximately...